Project Report For Tempered or toughened glass


Project report for Tempered or toughened glass is as follows.

Thermal or chemical treatments can improve the toughness of tempered or toughened glass, making it more resistant to breakage than plain glass. The outside surfaces are compressed, and the inside is put under stress during the process of tempering. Those tensions lead the glass to shatter microscopic granular bits rather than splintering into jagged pieces like annealed glass does when broken. It is less probable that the granular pieces may injure the user.

A wide range of products, from automobile windows to shower doors to aquariums to architectural glass doors and tables to refrigerator trays, employ tempered glass for its safety and robustness. Other uses for this material include bulletproof glass, diving masks, plates, and cookware. It is heated to a temperature above its softening point and then rapidly cooled for the production procedure of the glass plate. A sudden chill causes the glass to compress towards its center. At this point, the core is still pliable, but it is no longer able to compress. The upper layer of the glass solidifies, causing it to contract in response to being constrained. Because of this compression, the glass sheet’s strength is restricted to around 20,000 | b / sq. inch. Because of this, the resultant force can cancel out the effects of the outside world. Temperature, rate of cooling, coefficient of expansion, thermal conductivity, glass specific heat, elasticity, and other physical parameters all influence the intensity of the stresses.

Market potential & Strategy

Over INR 149 billion was spent on flat glass in India in 2020, and the industry is expected to grow at a CAGR of more than 4% over the next five years (2021-2026). The demand for the product is expanding at a constant pace, particularly in the care sector, railroads, and shipbuilding, both for manufacturing and replacement. For any firm, the local market and advertising have become critical components.

As a result, additional small-scale facilities for the production of Toughened glass may be established to fulfill the rising demand. Glasses are increasingly being used in windows, facades, doors, internal partitions, fences, storefronts, and railings for staircases and balconies, among other architectural sections, as demand grows in the construction sector. Electronic displays are also being driven by increased demand for consumer gadgets, including televisions, smartphones, tablet computers, and wearable devices such as smartwatches.

As a result of COVID-19, India entered a lockdown situation in late March, and economic operations began to reopen gradually in early August 2020. NSO released new data showing that the country’s GDP fell by 23.9 percent in the first quarter of 2020 (Q1). COVID-19 has hurt the domestic building, industrial, and manufacturing activity in 2020, resulting in a GDP growth rate of -10.3 percent. However, even if most of the projects set for 2020 have been delayed, it’s safe to say that there will be a rebound in the construction industry soon. Consequently, the increase is predicted to accelerate in the latter stages of the prediction.

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