Project Report For Coir Pith
The project report for Coir Pith is as follows.
Coir pith or dust is a product of the coir industry that is created during the production of coir fibre from coconut husk. Coir pith is a lightweight, compressible substance. It is highly hygroscopic, holding 7 to 8 times its weight in water. Coir pith may be condensed into a variety of high-value products, including seed cells, propagation modules, and more.
Coir pith block has been built specifically for commercial nurseries and greenhouses. This soil conditioner can be used in containers or on the ground for all types of garden plants, lawns, wildflowers, orchids, and vegetables. The coir pith is compressed into very compact 650-gramme shrink-wrapped packs, which are ideal for hobbyists and home gardeners.
The Coir industry boasts a centuries-old tradition and heritage. However, the development of the coir business in India did not begin in earnest until 1959. Coir goods have steadily improved in quality since their humble beginnings. both in terms of number and variety. Agriculture of coconuts, harvesting of Coir fibre, and subsequent processing have strong roots in Kerala due to historical reasons. The fast spread of coconut farming in non-traditional places raised the demand for coconuts. Coconut farming and industry have increasingly evolved in the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Orissa are the four states that makeup Tamil Nadu. The coir industry is one of India’s most important rural sectors. It supports the livelihoods of around 5 lakh craftspeople in rural areas. In the coir industry, women make up around 80% of the labour.
Coir has gone a long way since its first applications. It’s still utilised for farming and household applications. It has also become a useful item in modern life, whether as a garden item, tea leaf bags, aromatics training bags, brush mats at the door, long-wearing carpets in the house veranda hallways, or elegantly organised furniture. As a geo-fabric for limiting landslides or soil erosion and protecting road, railway, and canal embankments, as floor coverings in the drawing-room or as a runner on the stairs.
Market potential & Strategy
The coco coir market was worth $368.70 million in 2019 and is predicted to reach $526.70 million by 2027, representing a 9.2% CAGR from 2020 to 2027. Coco coir, commonly known as coco fibre, is a stiff, coarse natural fibre, flexible natural yarn that is manually or mechanically taken from the outer husk of the coco. Coco fibres are produced from matured cocoa shells in two different colours: white and brown. Coir has the greatest lignin content, making it tougher but less flexible than cotton and therefore unsuitable for dyeing. Coco coir is an environmentally friendly product that absorbs water and is suitable for hydroponic and horticultural uses. The worldwide coco coir market is growing due to an increase in demand for environmental products with lightweight features and the expansion of the upholstery sector.
Coconut husk is the main by-product from which coir fibre is derived. Because it is utilised as a growth medium in agriculture, this extraction technique produces a huge amount of coir dust or coir pith, which has acquired substantial traction in the coco coir market. However, due to its greater carbon and nitrogen ratio and lesser biodegradability due to high lignin content, coir pith is still not regarded as an appropriate carbon source for use in agriculture. Coir pith is composted in this way to lower the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio, lower the lignin-to-cellulose concentration, and raise the manorial value. Coir pith composting lowers bulkiness and transforms plant nutrients into usable forms. As a result, the need for coir pith in horticultural farming is expanding. Furthermore, several advantages of employing coco coir in agriculture, such as high moisture content and a balanced carbon to nitrogen ratio, have increased demand, boosting the coco coir market.
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