Project Report For Gerbera Cultivation
Project report for Gerbera Cultivation is as follows.
Gerbera flowers are frequently used as ‘decorative’ plants and are grown all over the world. Flowers are used to make bouquets and for a variety of other uses.
The blooms, also known as African Daisy or Gerbera Daisy, are in high demand since they can survive for a long time without losing their freshness. Flowers are often utilised at weddings, parties, and functions for this reason.
When it comes to history, the flower belongs to the Asteraceae family. They are vividly coloured flowers with a golden core surrounded by petals that resemble rays. As a result, its arrangement is often known as ‘ray petals.’ Botanically, it is known as Gerbera jamesonii, after Robert Jameson discovered it while wandering across South Africa.
Gerbera flowers are widely spread in India at elevations ranging from 1300 to 3200 metres. They thrive in Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, and other Himalayan states. The Gerbera flower has the advantage of being able to be grown all throughout India through ‘greenhouse farming.’
Market potential & Strategy
Although Gerbera may be grown at any time of year, many farmers choose to plant it between January and March or June and July. Because a sufficient quantity of light is necessary during the plantation, it is not planted in November and December.
Furthermore, there is a chance of frost development, which is damaging to the plant in its early phases. Farmers also avoid planting in August and September since the plants must survive the cold throughout their growing seasons.
The bloom requires rich, well-drained soil. Because the plant’s roots are 70 cm long, the soil should be easily penetrable and porous. It is stated that excellent penetration promotes both root and plant development.
Sterilization of the soil is a key stage in flower cultivation. To reduce infection from diseases such as Phytophthora, Fusarium, and others that might kill the crop, the soil must be sterilised and fumigated. In addition, the flower beds must be disinfected with 30 g/m2 of methyl bromide or 2% formaldehyde solution. Then, for at least 2 to 3 days, cover it with a plastic sheet. Before planting, the beds are properly irrigated to drain the pesticides.
Sucker division and tissue culture technologies are used to produce these plants for commercial production. Sucker division is the more frequently used. In June and July, clump division is used to propagate the plants.
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