Project Report For Bio CNG Plant
The project report for Bio CNG Plant is as follows.
In the lack of oxygen, biogas is a combination of gases generated by the decomposition of agricultural residues, dung, urban trash, plant matter, sewage, green waste, or food waste. Bio-compressed natural gas is the name given to this combination after it has been cleaned and treated further (bio-CNG). In respect of structure and characteristics, it is identical to natural gas and provides a greener option to gasoline and diesel.
Bio-CNG does have a lot of potential in India, especially as a substitute for CNG and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Furthermore, bio-CNG can serve a wide range of market categories, with applicability in business, industrial, and automotive operations.
Bio-CNG may be utilised instead of biogas, which has a potential value of 1,281 MW, in addition to substituting CNG and LPG. Distilleries and sugar and starch manufacturers, for example, use biogas to fulfil around 75% of their energy demands and therefore may be bio-CNG users as well. Other sectors that might benefit from bio-CNG include milk processing, pulp and paper, and slaughterhouses.
Market potential & Strategy
Bio-CNG has a methane content of 92-98 % but only 2-8% co2, whereas biogas has a methane content of 55-65% and 35-45% co2. Bio-CNG has a calorific content value of around 52,000 kilojoules (kJ) per kilogramme, which is almost 167% more than biogas, which has a calorific value of 19,500 kJ per kg. Bio-CNG is a suitable fuel for vehicles and electricity production because of its high methane produced and calorific value, as well as the minimal moisture level, hydrogen sulphide, and contaminants. Bio-CNG seems to be more environmentally friendly energy than biogas because of its low emissions standards.
According to experts, the nation has 17 bio-CNG facilities with a total output of 46,178 kg per day. The majority of these facilities are in the nation’s western and northern areas, which accounted for around 96.5% of bio-CNG output.
These facilities are scattered throughout 9 states, with Maharashtra leading the pack in respect of output and number of plants. Gujarat is the second-largest producer of bio-CNG, whereas Rajasthan has the second-largest number of bio-CNG plants. Maharashtra and Gujarat combined to contribute over 63% of the nation’s overall operational bio-CNG output.
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