Project Report For Curcumin Extraction
Project report for Curcumin Extraction is as follows.
Curcumin, also known as diferuloylmethane, is a hydrophobic polyphenol that is obtained from the rhizome of perennial herbs in the genus Curcuma. It is produced by the ginger family (Zingiberaceae), which includes species like Curcuma longa, Curcuma amada, Curcuma zedoaria, Curcuma aromatic, and Curcuma raktakanta.
The most popular variety of this species is turmeric. Curcumin (75%), demethoxycurcumin (10%-20%), and bisdemethoxycurcumin (5%), the most significant bioactive compound, are the three curcuminoid derivatives that are typically found in 3-5% of turmeric rhizomes.
Curcumin has a long history of use in Indian curries as a spice and natural coloring agent in addition to being an active component in traditional Chinese medicine. The human immune system is essential to our body’s protection against external threats, such as cancer, and pathogenic bacteria.
A person with a compromised immune system is more vulnerable to diseases brought on by pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi.
Curcumin can be obtained in two ways: synthetically and by extracting it from plants. The process of creating synthetic curcumin has been detailed by numerous publications. The most cost-effective method for producing curcumin, however, remains extracting the naturally occurring curcumin found in plants.
The quantity and quality of bioactive chemicals are said to be highly dependent on the extraction process. It is crucial to select suitable and efficient processes and carry them out under ideal circumstances in order to produce high-yield and high-quality curcumin.
Curcumin is subjected to additional separation and purification steps following successful extraction using various techniques. A number of purifying techniques, such as column chromatography, semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography, high-speed counter-current chromatography, preparative supercritical fluid chromatography, and crystallisation, have been developed for isolation and purification based on variables like polarity, ligand interaction, and solubility.
The use of curcumin in conventional medicine is widespread. Its demand has grown recently in the culinary, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical sectors. Many studies have looked into the uses of curcumin in food, medicine, cosmetics, and health products.
Curcumin’s structure (C 21 H 20 O 6) was discovered to be diferuloylmethane by Lampe and Milobedeska in 1910. Turmeric is used as a spice, a colouring ingredient in foods and textiles, and a therapy for a range of diseases. In traditional Indian medicine, it is commonly used to treat biliary diseases, anorexia, cough, diabetic wounds, hepatic problems, rheumatism, and sinusitis.
Market Potential Of Curcumin Extraction
The global curcumin market size was valued at USD 57.7 million in 2020 and is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12.9% from 2021 to 2028.
One of the main drivers of the curcumin market is the increasing demand for natural and plant-based products. Consumers are becoming more health-conscious and seeking out natural alternatives to traditional pharmaceuticals. Curcumin fits this trend perfectly, as it is a natural compound derived from a plant with a long history of use in traditional medicine.
Another factor contributing to the growth of the curcumin market is the increasing prevalence of chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and diabetes. Curcumin has been shown to have potential benefits for these conditions, which has led to increased interest and demand for curcumin-based products.
The food and beverage industry is also a significant market for curcumin. Curcumin is used as a natural food coloring and flavoring agent and is increasingly being incorporated into functional foods and beverages. Functional foods are those that offer additional health benefits beyond basic nutrition, such as reducing inflammation or improving cognitive function. Curcumin is a popular ingredient in functional food and beverage products due to its potential health benefits.
The dietary supplement market is another significant market for curcumin. Curcumin supplements are widely available and marketed for their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. They are often used to support joint health, cognitive function, and general wellness.
The cosmetics and personal care industry is also a growing market for curcumin. Curcumin has been shown to have potential benefits for skin health, including reducing inflammation and improving skin tone and texture. As a result, it is being incorporated into a range of skincare and personal care products, including creams, serums, and face masks.
In terms of extraction methods, there are several options available for curcumin extraction, including solvent extraction, supercritical fluid extraction, and microwave-assisted extraction. Each method has its advantages and disadvantages in terms of yield, purity, and cost, and the choice of method will depend on the specific application and requirements.
Project Report Sample On Curcumin Extraction
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