Project Report For Oyster Mushroom
Project report for Oyster Mushroom is as follows.
Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus sp.) of the Class Basidiomycetes and Family Family tree grows wild in temperate and tropical forests on dead and decaying wooden logs or occasionally on dying trunks of deciduous or coniferous woods and is commonly known as ‘dhingri’ in India. It might also grow on decomposing organic materials. Depending on the species, the fruit bodies of this mushroom are shell or spatula-shaped and come in white, cream, grey, yellow, pink, or light brown.
The mushroom’s economic significance stems largely from its usage as a food source for humans. It is high in Vitamin C and B complex, with a protein level ranging from 1.6 to 2.5 per cent. It contains the majority of the mineral salts necessary by the human body. The niacin concentration is almost 10 times that of any other vegetable.
The folic acid found in oyster mushrooms aids in the treatment of anaemia. Because of its low sodium: potassium ratio, starch, fat, and calorific value, it is appropriate for persons with hypertension, obesity, and diabetes. Because of their alkaline ash and high fibre content, they are good for people who suffer from hyperacidity and constipation. Pleurotin, a polycyclic aromatic chemical with antibacterial activity, was isolated from P. griseus.
The wasted straw may be re-cycled for growing oyster mushrooms after being supplemented with wheat or rice bran at a rate of 10-15%, as well as for creating compost for white button mushrooms after being appropriately supplemented with the nitrogen-rich horse or chicken manure (sun-dried before use). The wasted straw may be utilised for cattle feed as well as biogas generation, and the slurry can be used as manure.
Market potential & Strategy
Mushrooms are the third most common type of farmed mushroom. China, the world’s largest producer of oysters, produces roughly 85 per cent of the total global output of about a million tonnes. Korea, Japan, Italy, Taiwan, Thailand, and the Philippines are among the other nations that produce oyster mushrooms. Due to limited local demand, India’s current output of this crop is just approximately 1500 tonnes. Another impediment is that export demand orders are enormous and can only be satisfied if a relationship is established between producers, cooperatives, and exporters.
In the home economy, this mushroom is not as popular as the white button mushroom. A few units are commercially growing it for the export market. Commercial cultivation of this mushroom would be more profitable than the cultivation of white button mushrooms due to lower capital expenditures. This type of mushroom growing is particularly easy and cost-effective in rural regions where raw materials and facilities are readily available.
Due to extremely low output, marketing fresh oyster mushrooms is not an issue at the moment. However, as output rises, producers’ links to local markets and export-oriented processing facilities will need to be created to assure producers’ remunerative pricing.
In general, new orders are too large for a single producer to meet, thus co-operatives must be encouraged to pool their output in order to trade the crop in dried powder form in foreign markets. Pleurotus species are the least expensive and easiest to raise of all farmed edible mushrooms. Cultivation does not necessitate the use of a sophisticated substrate preparation process, as in the case of button mushrooms. The former may thrive on non-fermented, nearly fresh plant leftovers (agri-wastes containing lignin and cellulose). The production of the substrate does not necessitate the use of controlled environmental conditions, as in the case of the button mushroom.
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