Project Report For Potato Cold Storage


Project Report for Potato Cold Storage is as follows.

Potatoes can be kept, there will always be a crop somewhere, and potato distribution can be managed all year. A potato may also travel long distances while keeping its quality. Potatoes are accessible all year, and their market demand never decreases. While specifics of the cold storage technology differ, the fundamentals remain constant. 

This would include producing a cooling effect via mechanical refrigeration or ambient cooling. Potatoes may be kept at 4°C for up to 8 months using ambient cooling. Another essential method is to use less effective insulation, such as straw bales, to induce ambient cooling.

Due to ambient cooling being less expensive, potatoes may be kept fresh for 1 to 3 months after harvesting. These cold temperatures harden the skin and delay deterioration. This can simply allow farmers to keep their seeds from season to season or to timing the market on a smaller scale. This enables smallholder agricultural organisations to combine their crops on a larger scale for sale to manufacturers or market timing.

Project Report For potato cold storage

Steps Of Potato Cold Storage

Potato Drying: The basic goal of potato drying is to keep the potatoes inside wet while removing its outer coat. The drying of the potatoes is a sensitive procedure. The major goal is to dry the exterior skin as well as any dirt clinging to it. Please keep in mind that preserving potatoes that are still somewhat stained from the fields is better. 

It aids in the preservation of potatoes for a longer length of time. Curing them at a temperature of approximately 25 °C and a relative humidity of about 85% is best. In order to keep potatoes from rotting, proprietors of cold storage facilities should humidify the air in extreme circumstances.

Potatoes drying: Curing potatoes entails preserving them for seven to ten days at 15 degrees Celsius with a relative humidity of roughly 95%. The potatoes have had a chance to cure any minor skin sores that may have arisen during harvest, transportation, and treatment under these conditions. Because exposed wounds increase the risk of infection, the purpose of this healing procedure is to maximise their capacity to be stored.

Heating or Cooling: After the potatoes have been dried and cured, the process of lowering their temperature begins. The potatoes must lose as little weight as possible throughout this procedure. To do this, the temperature should be gradually reduced.It is only possible to reduce it by 0.3 to 0.5 degrees Celsius every day.

The Storage: Storing potatoes is simple. The potatoes must be kept at the appropriate temperature for their intended use, at 90% relative humidity, with a steady CO2 level, and in total darkness.

Market Potential Of Potato Cold Storage

During the forecast period, 2021-2026, the potato market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 1.0 percent.

Fresh potatoes, whether grown at home or purchased in markets, are baked, boiled, or fried and used in a dizzying array of recipes such as mashed potatoes, potato pancakes, potato dumplings, twice-baked potatoes, potato soup, and potato salad. 

However, the worldwide consumption of potatoes as food is migrating away from fresh potatoes and toward value-added, processed foods.

One of the most important commodities in that category is frozen potatoes, which contain the majority of French fries sold in restaurants and fast-food franchises throughout the globe. 

Potato chips, which have long been the king of snack foods in many affluent nations, are another processed foodstuff.  Dehydrated potato flakes are utilised in retail mashed potato products, as snack components, and even as a culinary additive. 

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, they are supplied as part of the United States’ foreign food aid to more than 600,000 individuals each year.  As a result, rising demand from the processing sector, along with consumer demand, is driving up worldwide output.

Project Report Sample On Potato Cold Storage

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