Project Report For Auto Pistons and Piston Rings


Project report for auto pistons and piston rings is as follows.

The majority of motor cars’ pistons are built of an aluminum alloy using gravity casting. Cast iron and steel alloys are also used to make them for marine engines, heavy-duty vehicles, and large-capacity generators. Piston rings serve as the piston’s gas-sealing component. Due to their superior wear, lubricating, and oil film retention qualities, they are typically manufactured of cast iron alloys.


Project & Application of Auto Pistons and Piston Rings

An automobile’s auto piston is a component that rotates within the engine cylinder to provide power to the wheels. In addition to other related systems, pistons and piston rings are a part of reciprocating engines, reciprocating pumps, gas compressors, and hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders. It is the moving part that is enclosed in a cylinder and sealed off from the gas by piston rings. Its function in an engine is to use a piston rod and/or connecting rod to transmit force from the expanding gas in the cylinder to the crankshaft. To pressurize or evacuate gas or fluid, the function of a compressor or pump is switched around.

The primary users of pistons and rings are original equipment manufacturers and the replacement market. Pistons and rings are used extensively in the automotive industry and in motor vehicles.

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The project will be managed successfully by the promoter who has experience manufacturing automotive components, technical knowledge of alloying, experience achieving piston and ring geometry through machining, knowledge of heat treatment, and a background in mechanical and metallurgical engineering.

Raw Material of Auto Pistons and Piston Rings

Aluminum alloys are used to make auto pistons, and these alloys must be purchased in an ingot form. It is necessary to use four different classes of aluminum alloys for IC engine pistons, namely 2285, 4658, 4928-A, and 4928-B, with a variety of alloying compositions such as Cu, Mg, Si, Fe, Mn, Ni, and Zinc. For different grades, hardness specifications range from 90 to 140 HB, and tensile strength from 165 to 275 N/mm2.

Piston rings and diesel engine pistons require pig iron, cast iron, and steel scrap. Compression rings are best made of low-alloyed, heat-treated nodular cast iron, which is obtained during casting. A range of alloying additives for elements like molybdenum, chromium, silicon, manganese, etc. are required to obtain the proper alloy compositions.

Market potential

The Indian auto component industry increased by 14.3% in 2017 to reach a level of Rs 2.92 lakh crore (US$ 44.90 billion) as a result of significant growth in the spares or after-market sales. The gross domestic product (GDP) of the auto components business, which directly and indirectly employs up to 25 million people, makes for over 7% of India’s GDP.

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Market Trend

Asia is expected to surpass other markets as the largest one because of expanding vehicle demand and production, rising vehicle population, improved economic conditions, and rising industry participant investments within the APAC region. Over the next ten years, there will likely be a major growth in the need for filters, particularly in North America and Asia Pacific.

India is expected to have more than 48 million passenger cars by 2020, up from an estimated 29 million now. In line with the increased demand for cars, the country is expected to see a growth in the requirement for replacement components for these vehicles.

Other than automobiles, pistons and rings are required by air and gas compressors, forklifts, trucks, buses, railroads, generators, and mining equipment. The demand is expected to increase at a 15% average annual growth rate. It’s likely that the market for replacements will expand as well. Furthermore, there is a significant market for the export of premium goods.