Project Report For Silk Industry
The project report for silk industry is as follows.
In nature, Asia is the world’s leading producer of silk, accounting for more than 95 per cent of total worldwide output. China, India, Japan, Brazil, and Korea are among the nations that contribute significantly to the production of silk. India is the world’s top producer of silk and the world’s largest consumer of silk. India has a well-established tradition and culture-bound silk home market. Mulberry silk is mostly produced in the Indian states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Jammu and Kashmir, and West Bengal. Non-mulberry silks are made in states such as Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, and the northeastern states.
The first silk tungsten garment was created in ancient times. Silk filament is a slim, touchable, elastic fiber derived from the Bombyx mori caterpillar. The caterpillar, also known as a silkworm, consumes the leaves of a mulberry tree after hatching from the eggs left by its parent moth. Within two or three days of spinning, it wraps itself in a cocoon made of a continuous and very fine silk strand.
The silkworm then transforms into a moth, which escapes by chewing a hole in the cocoon. The first cocoons were immersed in boiling water to dissolve the sticky glue, sericin, that binds the thread together. The filament and have been discovered, and it will be unravelled. This is referred to as reeling. The silk thread is wound onto huge reels known as swifts. Silk, like cotton or wool, is twisted rather than spun, thus the name tossing rather than spinning. Throwing entails rotating two sets of bobbins at separate, precisely regulated rates.
Silk is a natural fibre that was among the first discovered by man, along with wool, hemp, linen, and cotton. Silk is a fibroin composed of proteins produced in the fluid state as a single thread by a caterpillar known colloquially as a silkworm.’ These silkworms feed on the chosen food plants and spin cocoons as a ‘protective shell’ to ensure their survival. Silkworms have four life stages: egg, silkworm, pupa, and moth. Man intervenes in this life cycle at the cocoon stage to acquire silk, a commercially important continuous thread utilised in the weaving of the dream fabric.
Market potential & Strategy
The worldwide silk market is expected to reach USD 17.94 billion by 2021, growing at an 8.8 per cent CAGR between 2016 and 2021. Silk is in high demand in the Asia-Pacific area, particularly in China. Asia-Pacific is the greatest producer of raw silk, making it the region with the most readily available raw material. Silk is mostly used in the textile sector. Silk’s use was encouraged by rising textile industry demand. Technological advancements in the sericulture sector are likely to push the silk market even further.
From 2016 through 2021, mulberry silk is expected to be the most popular form of silk. Mulberry silk is extensively utilised in the textile sector. Mulberry silk is often used in mixes with other natural fibres like cotton to improve the characteristics of the base fabric.
Asia-Pacific is expected to be the largest silk industry in terms of both value and volume during the forecast timeframe. China, India, Uzbekistan, and Thailand are among the Asia-Pacific silk markets. The rising population of these nations, as well as the export of textile items manufactured in these countries, fuel the need for silk. Furthermore, local demand for silk in China and India has a considerable impact on regional demand for silk.
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