Project Report For Banana Cold Storage
Project report for Banana Cold Storage is as follows.
Bananas can only be grown on the 30th parallel south and north, although they are a widely available and sought-after fruit all across the world.
Bananas are a sort of fruit that can only be produced in tropical areas and are prone to rotting. The most sophisticated technique of keeping bananas is a form of contained environment storage that allows for temperature, humidity, and ethylene control. Contrary to popular belief, it is collected in the green form before it ripens. Bunches of bananas are brought to the appropriate trading size, cleaned, and dipped in fungicide water before being stored in cold storage at +12/+15 °C depending on the type., as well as a humidity level of 85-90 per cent. During respiration, bananas produce ethylene gas. This gas release hastens its maturation. As a result, the quantity of ethylene in the storage is the most important element in keeping bananas.
Bananas, however, are not ideal for long-term preservation. Bananas have a maximum storage life of 6-7 weeks if stored while still green, and they cannot be sold immediately after storage. They are fed ethylene in a controlled environment in specific chambers to break down the chlorophyll on the skin, causing it to become yellow in 6-8 days depending on the temperature, and then sold.
Bananas are one of the fruits that have a complete nutritional content and may be taken by people of all ages at any time. Because bananas are high in carbs, they may be utilised as an alternate source of starch.
Market potential & Strategy
Farmers are shifting their crops to fruits and vegetables owing to increase threats and expenditures in grain crops. As many of such crops need refrigeration, cold storage buildings are projected to grow in popularity.
In India Tamil Nadu is the biggest producer of bananas. To protect and preserve the banana from rotting, the state intends to decrease waste by establishing an integrated cold chain infrastructure for bananas in six districts of India. Erode, Coimbatore, Tuticorin, Theni, Tiruchi, Tiruvannamalai and India are the areas. As per sources, a full project report would be prepared soon. With an annual production of almost 9 million tonnes, Tamil Nadu is the country’s top banana grower, accounting for roughly one-third of the market.
From the farm to the customer’s point, a cold chain system ensures optimal storage conditions for perishables. Indian Industry estimates that the yearly loss of potential owing to a lack of cold storage facilities for bananas is more than Rs. 2,700 crore. It has been pressing the State government for several years to establish an integrated cold chain storage facility for bananas.
Cold storages of bananas have been created at Theni, Tiruchi, Salem, Dindigul, and several minor towns in the previous two years. However, according to Purushothaman Ravichandran, Chairman of the CII National Task Force on Cold Chain Development, all of this will only assist the sector to manage fewer than one-tenth of the bananas produced. Cold chain infrastructure will aid in the promotion of novel varieties and the extension of shelf life.
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