Project Report For Calf Rearing
Project report for Calf Rearing is as follows.
Calf production is not a cheap business, and farmers who try to cut corners will pay the price in the long term. Due to the unpredictability of the weather in many tropical dairying countries, there can be exceptionally cold, wet, or hot spells, and calves are particularly vulnerable to these shifts unless they are housed in some type of effective and somewhat climate-resistant housing. Inefficient milk feeding and cleaning systems necessitate extra labour, which, contrary to popular belief, is not free nor even cheap. cheap. Because they are of poorer quality, ‘cut price’ milk replacers are often inexpensive. Because of inadequate processing processes, powders with a higher price tag are generally more expensive than powders with a lower price tag.
Calves can be raised on less whole milk or milk replacer if their food and care allow for early rumen development. Poor feeding methods, such as grazing or being hand-fed low-quality roughages, along with inappropriate concentrate feeding regimes, will result in delayed growth once calves have been weaned.
Market potential & Strategy
Farmers can identify infections in animals using sensor technology and take fast action as a result. The use of sensing and management technologies reduces the cost of livestock monitoring. Smart technology in livestock farming aid in the collection of real-time data on animals’ health and general behaviour, such as feeding habits, food and water quality, biosecurity, and cleanliness levels, among other things. Animals can also be tracked and traced by livestock owners. Furthermore, networked solutions aid in increasing dairy production while reducing dangerous gases like methane and guaranteeing the health of livestock.
Due to the rising usage of hardware devices such as RFID, sensors, smart cameras, and GPS technology on livestock farms, hardware represented the highest share of the livestock monitoring market in 2020. The information gathered by these devices informs farmers on animal reproduction, nutrition, and welfare. Since the last several years, technological improvements in software and services utilised in livestock monitoring management systems have also fueled the market expansion. India is home to the world’s greatest livestock population. It is home to 57.3 per cent of the world’s buffalo population and 14.7% of the world’s cattle population. The output value of 2011-12, milk was worth Rs. 3,05,484 crore. The country’s total milk production is 127.9 million tonnes. The demand is estimated to be 180 million per year at the end of the Eleventh Plan (2011-12). tonnes by the year 2020 To meet this need, milk output must grow at a faster rate each year. from a current rate of 2.5 per cent to a rate of 5% In 2011-12, the annual growth rate for milk production was at 5%. Dairy production.
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