Project Report For Sheep Farming
Project report for Sheep Farming is as follows.
Sheep farming, often known as sheep husbandry, is the practice of keeping and producing domestic sheep. It’s a type of animal husbandry. Sheep are primarily farmed for meat (lamb and mutton), milk (sheep’s milk), and fibre (wool). Sheepskin and parchment are also produced.
Sheep may be farmed in a variety of temperate conditions, including dry zones near the equator and other sweltering areas. Farmers construct fences, houses, shearing sheds, and other amenities on their land, such as water wells. Feed, transportation, and pest control are all examples of services. Most farms are set up so that sheep may graze in pastures, occasionally under the supervision of a shepherd or sheepdog.
Farmers can choose from a variety of breeds that are appropriate for their location and market conditions. When a farmer notices that a ewe (female adult) is in heat or estrus, they might arrange for mating with males. Newborn lambs are commonly treated to lamb marking, which includes tail docking, mulesing, earmarking, and castration of males.
Market potential & Strategy
The livestock industry in India has always provided structural support to the rural economy as a key profession for the rural people, second only to crop farming. Because of favourable socioeconomic based on changing eating habits, higher purchasing power, urbanisation, increasing health consciousness toward protein-rich diets, and preferred meat due to religious preferences, demand for meat has increased, and the sector has grown in importance in terms of contribution to income, employment, and foreign exchange earnings.
There are several wild types of Sheep in the highlands from Afghanistan to Armenia, which is thought to be the progenitors of Indian Sheep. Sheep and goats are two major livestock kinds in India, particularly in places where crop and dairy production are uneconomic, and they contribute significantly to the livelihoods of small and marginal farmers. Population data for these animals reveal a decrease in the number of animals as well as the number of families engaged in sheep farming.
The Indian subcontinent is a major source of varied ovine germplasm, and only a few nations have such a vast range of varieties. Sheep provide a vital contribution to the lives of the economically disadvantaged sectors of society in India. Shepherds are the poorest livestock owners in the country. The export revenues from various woollen goods and mutton also contribute significantly to the national income. Sheepskin is also exported in the form of leather and leather goods.
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